"A most welcome addition to the literature of astronomical history." — Nature "A most important contribution to the early history of Greek thought and a notable monument of English scholarship." — Journal of Hellenic Studies This classic work traces Aristarchus of Samos's anticipation by two millennia of Copernicus's revolutionary theory of the orbital motion of the earth. Heath's history of astronomy ranges from Homer and Hesiod to Aristarchus and includes quotes from numerous thinkers, compilers, and scholasticists from Thales and Anaximander through Pythagoras, Plato, Aristotle, and Heraclides. 34 figures.