The essential guide to rendering perspective, Freehand Perspective and Sketching uses a series of illustrated exercises and explanations to help artists master one of art's greatest challenges. Generations of art students and amateurs have found it an indispensable resource of the time-honored principles and methods that empower artists to express themselves. More than 260 figures offer precise demonstrations in the representation of shapes, shadows, angles, and proportion. Author Dora Miriam Norton discusses how to combine these elements to create realistic-looking compositions, focusing primarily on the techniques of proportion and foreshortening. Freehand sketching, she explains, means drawing by the trained eye and judgment. This book provides a foundation of definite knowledge that enables artists to draw items individually or in groups without needing to see actual models.